Bird's-eye Primrose

Latin name: Primula farinosa

Family: Primulaceae

To encourage cross pollination, Primula species produce two different types of flower. Some plants have flowers with short styles and anthers positioned at the mouth of the flower whilst the other plants have flowers with long styles and anthers, located further down inside the flower. In addition to the different positions of styles and anthers, Primula species also have different types of pollen and stigma.

There are 425 species of Primula worldwide, many of which grow in China. The birds-eye primrose species has pink or lilac flowers and dusty looking leaves. Within the United Kingdom, it is found almost exclusively on damp grassy, stony or peaty ground on limestone in the northern Pennines and the Lake District. As a result, the plant is often known as the ‘Yorkshire primrose’.

In the Yorkshire Dales National Park, the bird's-eye primrose can be seen flowering in May and June in base-rich flush habitats in the south National Park. Good examples of its preferred habitats are towards the peaks of Ingleborough and in Malhamdale where it often grows alongside the common butterwort.

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There is a freshness and at times a undefineable fragrance to the air at high altitude in the Pennines. Joan E. Duncan & R.W.Robson

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