Latin name: Empetrum nigrum

Family: Empetraceae (Crowberry family)

Crowberry is a heather-like evergreen dwarf shrub with glossy green leaves and pink flowers which develop into edible black fruits.

Crowberry grows on peaty and rocky moors, bogs and mountain tops. It has two subspecies, the most common of which is Empetrum nigrum ssp. nigrum. This can be found in suitable habitats north west of a line that runs from Devon to north east Yorkshire.

In the Yorkshire Dales National Park, crowberry has a patchy distribution. It can be abundant on the drier parts of acid peaty moorland where sheep grazing hasn’t been too intensive. It also often grows where glacial drift or peat has built up over the carboniferous limestone in the south west of the National Park for example on Moughton Scar near Austwick.

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Wharfedale in Yorkshire is a valley favoured by nature and enriched by romance. From 'Wharfedale' by Ella Pontefract & Marie Hartley

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